a. Start or reject
b. Footstep length
d. Movement coordination
Did you ever get this question in sports subjects at school? Can you answer it correctly? Or are you currently looking for an answer to the question. The first key that must be mastered in sprinting is that…?
Let's answer together the first key question that must be mastered in short distance running is… it's correctly.
Before answering questions The first key that must be mastered in short distance running is… Let's get to know the basics of this material first, which is about running.
The term running in the Big Indonesian Dictionary has the meaning of stepping at a high speed. In addition, for other forms with the same relationship, there is the term running which means walking fast, and the term running with the meaning of running with short steps and slowly.
Meanwhile, if quoted from Wikipedia Indonesia, the term running is defined as a method of living things to move that allows them to move quickly using their feet. Living things are meant here are humans and animals. Or in short, running is a way with a faster tempo.
Running is also a type of sport, where running is the oldest sport in the world, which has been known since ancient humans.
Running is a type of exercise that is considered the most effective for burning body fat and calories. Because by running we will move our whole body and will produce a lot of sweat. In addition to maintaining weight, running is also beneficial for maintaining heart health. Because by running, of course, we need a good respiratory system so we can control our breath so that it doesn't pant easily. So that by training the respiratory system to be good, of course it will also have a good impact on our heart.
Types of Running
Before continuing to find answers to questions The first key that must be mastered in short distance running is… We will classify the sport of running into several different types as defined in sports science. Some of them are:
Short Distance Running
Short distance running or also known as sprint running is a short distance running sport. That is with a distance of 100 meters, 200 meters to 400 meters.
Because the distance is short, athletes from this short distance run must have a higher running speed. In this short distance running, the start time plays a very important role in determining the speed that will be generated until it reaches the finish line. In this short distance running requires several things such as:
- Coordination (Movement Coordination)
- Stamina (Power)
Middle Distance Running
Middle-distance running is a form of running sport that is farther away than the type of short-distance running or sprint, but also not too far away because there are still types of long-distance running themselves. So the distance from this middle distance run is between the two. That is with a distance of about 800 meters to 1500 meters.
In contrast to short-distance running which requires high speed, middle-distance running does not require so much energy, so as not to get tired easily on the way, but energy can be put into everything in the distances approaching the finish line. The technique of running is also slightly different from short-distance running, because in this middle-distance running, the ball-hell-ball technique is used, which is the movement of treading on the foot by resting on the heel and rejecting the foot with the toe.
If in short distance running requires some of the above, in middle distance running it requires several things such as:
- Relax and relax body
- Arms don't swing so high
- Lean forward about 15 degrees
- Knees raised high enough
- Don't push the stride too long, but when approaching the finish line it can be optimized
Long Distance Running
Long distance running is also known as marathon running. Have you ever participated in a marathon running program? Running with such a long distance is often held for major events though not for a race. The distance covered from this long distance run is 3 km, 5 km, and 10 km.
Because this type of long-distance running will actually cover such a long distance, of course, the preparation that needs to be done before doing long-distance running also needs more attention. You not only need to prepare physically, but also need to prepare your mental. To prepare for that, you need to do a lot of exercise a few days or even weeks before running long distances. Because you need to prepare your heart, so as not to be surprised when used for long-distance running.
In addition, if necessary, you are also advised to prepare drinking water so that you are not dehydrated while traveling, especially if the weather when you run long distances is hot weather.
This relay run is different from the three types of running above, where the run can be done alone, because this relay run is a run that needs to be done by the team. Generally the distance from this relay run is 4 x 100 meters or 4 x 400 meters.
This type of running generally uses an object to be passed from one runner to another. So later the first runner will run and hand over his goods to the second runner, and so on until the last runner can reach the finish line.
What is needed in this relay race, of course, is cooperation, because this run is not an individual run, but how the team can win from other teams. So the speed of per person also needs to be considered.
Let's answer the first key question that must be mastered in short distance running is… To recall, here are the questions listed above:
a. Start or reject
b. Footstep length
d. Movement coordination
If we look back at the discussion about the types of running, especially in the short distance running section. In that paragraph, the answer to the first key question that must be mastered in sprinting is… that.
That is, there is the sentence "In this short distance running, the start time is very instrumental in determining the speed that will be generated until it can reach the finish line."
So, if we match it with several choices from the questions, we can find the similarity, namely "start". So, we can conclude that the most appropriate answer to the following questions is a. Start or refuse.