Do you know what nutrients are used as energy substances? Is it fat or protein or vitamins or other nutrients?
Let's find the answer in the discussion about answering food nutrients that function as energy substances are the following.
Before answering Nutrients in food that function as energy substances are:First, let's discuss the main basis, namely about nutrition.
Reporting from SeputarIlmu.Com Nutrients are substances from a food that are needed by the body to meet the growth and development needs of the body. Some examples of these nutrients include vitamins, carbohydrates, proteins, and many others.
Nutrients themselves are obtained from food obtained in the form of food extract from the breakdown of the body's digestive system that processes the food.
The functions of the nutrients themselves include the following:
- Be a source of growth and development of the body
- Become a source of energy or energy
- Repair body cells that have been damaged and prevent those that have not been damaged or will be damaged
- Regulate and support the body's metabolic processes
- Maintain the functions of the body's organs
- Forming new cells in body tissues
- And many other functions
For the types of nutrients that can function in each of the above functions are different types of nutrients. Not just one nutrient for all functions. However, each nutrient works hand in hand to provide its own good function for the body.
Reporting from Hello Healthy | Medical Verified Health Information CenterNutrients themselves are divided into 2 forms of nutrients, namely:
Macronutrients, also known as macronutrients, are nutrients that the body needs in large amounts. There are 3 types of nutrients that are the main support for body strength. Namely carbohydrates, fats, and proteins. These three nutrients are useful for providing energy so that humans can carry out activities and all body organs can carry out their functions properly.
The unit of measurement used to measure macronutrients is grams or calories.
If the macronutrients are nutrients that the body needs in large quantities, then the micronutrients are the opposite. Micronutrients are nutrients that the body needs in small amounts, also known as micronutrients. For the types of micronutrients themselves, namely vitamins and minerals.
For the type of vitamin itself is still divided into several forms, namely water-soluble vitamins and fat-soluble vitamins. Water soluble vitamins consist of vitamin B complex and vitamin C, while fat soluble vitamins consist of vitamins A, D, E, K.
Similar to vitamins, minerals are also still categorized into 2 types, namely 7 macro minerals which are needed in large quantities and trace minerals or micro-minerals needed in small amounts.
The size of these micronutrients is measured in terms of milligrams (mg), micrograms (mcg), or IU.
Before answering Nutrients in food that function as energy substances are:, let's go on to discuss what energy substances are first. In order to get a common thread of the relationship between nutrients and energy substances.
Have you ever wondered how you can be strong enough to be active? Or have you ever been in a condition where your body is really not strong enough to move even to stand up? This is of course related to the energy substance that we will discuss here. So what is that energy substance?
Energy substances are substances produced from the burning of food nutrients with acids (oxygen) in body tissues. Then the results of the combustion of these two substances are distributed to body cells by the blood. This substance is called the energy substance. Where this substance is very useful and so needed by the body to produce energy. So that the body can be strong to move.
Therefore, for example when you don't have time to have breakfast. Surely you will feel weak or lethargic to do all activities, right? It's different when we take the time to eat breakfast first. However, if you choose the wrong food, it can actually increase our sense of laziness and may cause a sleepy effect. So what substance serves as this energy substance? And what foods are good to replenish our energy? Find the answer in the next point.
According to some sources, the food nutrients that function as energy substances are carbohydrates. Which is a member of macronutrients. This is why carbohydrates are included in the category of macronutrients. Because carbohydrates are the main substance as a support for our bodies to be able to carry out activities.
According to the Big Indonesian Dictionary (KBBI) the meaning of carbohydrates which are food nutrients that function as energy substances is "organic compounds of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, consisting of one or more simple sugar molecules which are important food ingredients and a source of energy (many sugars). found in plants and animals.
Menurut Halosehat.com – Towards a Healthy Indonesia There are 3 types of carbohydrates that we can find in the types of food, among others:
Polysaccharide carbohydrates act as nutrients, such as starch and glycogen. In addition, polysaccharide carbohydrates also function as building blocks such as cellulose. Carbohydrates of this type of polysaccharide are found in foods of animal origin or animal foods that contain glycogen.
Disaccharide carbohydrates are divided into 3 types, namely:
-Maltose: This type is composed of glucose + glucose.
-Lactose: This type is composed of galactose + glucose.
-Sucrose: This type is composed of glucose + fructose.
Foods That Have Nutrients Foods That Serve As Energy Are?
After we have answered that the food nutrients that function as energy substances are carbohydrates. Let's find out what foods contain these carbohydrates. So foods that have food nutrients that function as energy substances are:
Rice is a food that contains carbohydrates and is a staple food in Indonesia and other neighboring countries. According to Alodokter – Health Info, Booking and Doctor Chat in one serving of white rice with a size of approximately 180 grams contains approximately 50 grams of carbohydrates.
Therefore, usually we who are used to eating rice, when we don't eat rice in one day it will feel very weak and weak, right?
In addition to rice, usually used as a staple food by the people of Indonesia is corn. Corn is also a food that has food nutrients that function as energy substances. It is said that the price of corn is also cheaper than rice. So many of the poor people use corn as their staple food.
Foods that have food nutrients that function as the next energy substance are bananas. Did you know that bananas contain carbohydrates? In addition, bananas also contain other nutrients, namely vitamins, potassium, and fiber which can increase our body's energy.
- Sweet potato
In addition to corn, foods that contain food nutrients that function as the next energy source are sweet potatoes, which are also one of the substitutes for rice which is usually eaten by the people of rural Indonesia. Don't get me wrong, even so, sweet potatoes besides providing energy can also be high antioxidants in the body.
Foods that have food nutrients that function as the next energy substance are foods that contain carbohydrates but have low calories. So these foods are generally consumed by people who are running a diet program or a calorie deficit.
- And much more
Author: Sheila Octarina Nur Azizah